• How much is too much? (Part 1): International Olympic Committee consensus statement on load in sport and risk of injury 

      Solligard, Torbjørn; Schwellnus, Martin; Alonso, Juan-Manuel; Bahr, Roald; Clarsen, Ben; Djikstra, H Paul; Gabbett, Tim; Gleeson, Michael; Hägglund, Martin; Hutchinson, Mark R.; van Rensburg, Christa Janse; Khan, Karim M.; Meeusen, Romain; Orchard, John W.; Pluim, Babette M.; Raftery, Martin; Budgett, Richard; Engebretsen, Lars (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016-07-05)
      Athletes participating in elite sports are exposed to high training loads and increasingly saturated competition calendars. Emerging evidence indicates that poor load management is a major risk factor for injury. The ...
    • How much is too much? (Part 2): International Olympic Committee consensus statement on load in sport and risk of illness 

      Schwellnus, Martin; Soligard, Torbjørn; Alonso, Juan-Manuel; Bahr, Roald; Clarsen, Ben; Djikstra, H Paul; Gabett, Tim J.; Gleeson, Michael; Hägglund, Martin; Hutchinson, Mark R.; Rensburg, Christa Janse Van; Meeusen, Romain; Orchard, John W.; Pluim, Babette M.; Raftery, Martin; Budgett, Richard; Engebretsen, Lars (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016-07-03)
      The modern-day athlete participating in elite sports is exposed to high training loads and increasingly saturated competition calendar. Emerging evidence indicates that inappropriate load management is a significant risk ...
    • Improved reporting of overuse injuries and health problems in sport: an update of the Oslo Sport Trauma Research Center questionnaires 

      Clarsen, Benjamin Matthew; Bahr, Roald; Myklebust, Grethe; Andersson, Stig Haugsbø; Docking, Sean; Drew, Michael; Finch, Caroline F.; Fortington, Lauren Victoria; Harøy, Joar; Khan, Karim; Moreau, Bill; Moore, Isabel S.; Møller, Merete; Nabhan, Dustin; Nielsen, Rasmus Østergaard; Pasanen, Kati; Schwellnus, Martin; Soligard, Torbjørn; Verhagen, Evert (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      In 2013, the Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center Overuse Injury Questionnaire (OSTRC-O) was developed to record the magnitude, symptoms and consequences of overuse injuries in sport. Shortly afterwards, a modified version ...
    • The International Olympic Committee (IOC) Consensus Statement on periodic health evaluation of elite athletes March 2009 

      Ljungqvist, Arne; Jenoure, Peter; Engebretsen, Lars; Alonso, Juan Manuel; Bahr, Roald; Clough, Anthony; De Bondt, Guido; Dvorak, Jiri; Maloley, Robert; Matheson, Gordon; Meeuwisse, Willem; Meijboom, Erik; Mountjoy, Margo; Pelliccia, Antonio; Schwellnus, Martin; Sprumont, Dominique; Schamasch, Patrick; Gauthier, Jean-Benoit; Dubi, Christophe; Stupp, Howard; Thill, Christian (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2009)
      The Olympic Games is the largest sport event in the world. In Beijing, 10 500 athletes competed, selected from a large group of elite athletes in 204 countries. Sports participation on the elite level, aside from winning ...
    • International Olympic Committee consensus statement: methods for recording and reporting of epidemiological data on injury and illness in sport 2020 (including STROBE Extension for Sport Injury and Illness Surveillance (STROBE-SIIS)) 

      Bahr, Roald; Clarsen, Benjamin Matthew; Derman, Wayne; Dvorak, Jiří; Emery, Carolyn A.; Finch, Caroline F.; Hägglund, Martin; Junge, Astrid; Kemp, Simon; Khan, Karim; Marshall, Stephen W.; Meeuwisse, Willem; Margo, Mountjoy; Orchard, John W.; Pluim, Babette M.; Quarrie, Kenneth L.; Reider, Bruce; Schwellnus, Martin; Soligard, Torbjørn; Stokes, Keith; Timpka, Toomas; Verhagen, Evert; Bindra, Abhinav; Budgett, Richard; Engebretsen, Lars; Erdener, Uğur; Chamari, Karim (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Injury and illness surveillance, and epidemiological studies, are fundamental elements of concerted efforts to protect the health of the athlete. To encourage consistency in the definitions and methodology used, and to ...
    • IOC consensus paper on the use of platelet-rich plasma in sports medicine 

      Engebretsen, Lars; Steffen, Kathrin; Alsousou, Joseph; Anitua, Eduardo; Bachl, Norbert; Everts, Peter; Hamilton, Bruce; Huard, Johnny; Jenoure, Peter; Kelberine, Francois; Kon, Elizaveta; Maffulli, Nicola; Matheson, Gordon; Mei-Dan, Omer; Menetrey, Jacques; Philippon, Marc; Randelli, Pietro; Schamasch, Patrick; Schwellnus, Martin; Vernec, Alan; Verrall, Geoffrey (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2010-12)
      Acute and chronic musculoskeletal injuries in sports are common and problematic for both athletes and clinicians. A significant proportion of these injuries remain difficult to treat, and many athletes suffer from decreased ...
    • Prevention and management of non-communicable disease: The IOC consensus statement, Lausanne 2013 

      Matheson, Gordon; Klügl, Martin; Engebretsen, Lars; Bendiksen, Fredrik; Blair, Steven N.; Börjesson, Mats; Budgett, Richard; Derman, Wayne; Erdener, Ugur; Ioannidis, John P. A.; Khan, Karim M.; Martinez, Rodrigo; van Mechelen, Willem; Mountjoy, Margo; Sallis, Robert E.; Schwellnus, Martin; Shultz, Rebecca; Soligard, Torbjørn; Steffen, Kathrin; Sundberg, Carl Johan; Weiler, Richard; Ljungqvist, Arne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013-11)
      Morbidity and mortality from preventable, non-communicable chronic disease (NCD) threatens the health of our populations and our economies. The accumulation of vast amounts of scientific knowledge has done little to change ...
    • Sport Medicine Diagnostic Coding System (SMDCS) and the Orchard Sports Injury and Illness Classification System (OSIICS): Revised 2020 Consensus Versions 

      Orchard, John W.; Meeuwisse, Willem; Derman, Wayne; Hägglund, Martin; Soligard, Torbjørn; Schwellnus, Martin; Bahr, Roald (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Coding in sports medicine generally uses sports-specific coding systems rather than the International Classification of Diseases (ICD), because of superior applicability to the profile of injury and illness presentations ...
    • The IOC Centres of Excellence bring prevention to Sports Medicine 

      Engebretsen, Lars; Bahr, Roald; Cook, Jill L.; Derman, Wayne; Emery, Carolyn A.; Finch, Caroline; Meeuwisse, Willem H.; Schwellnus, Martin; Steffen, Kathrin (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014-09)
      The protection of an athlete’s health and preventing injuries and illnesses in sport are top priorities for the IOC and its Medical Commission. The IOC therefore partners with selected research centres around the world and ...