Injuries in youth female football: risk factors, prevention and compliance
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Football is one of the most popular team sports worldwide. Although the positive health benefits of regular physical activity are well-documented, being active also entails a certain risk of injury. In football, studies on female players have reported overall injury rates nearly as high as for their male counterparts. However, identification of injury risk factors and mechanisms can help us implement tailored injury prevention measures for both sexes at all age and skill levels. A comprehensive warm-up program has been designed to prevent the most common injury types in football; injuries to the lower extremities. “The 11+” is a 20-min program consisting of warm-up and physical conditioning exercises aiming to improve strength, awareness and neuromuscular control of static and dynamic movements. Aims: The main aim of this thesis was to examine the effect of the “11+” injury prevention program on injury risk in youth female football. We also wanted to investigate how teams’ and players’ compliance and injury risk were linked to their coaches’ attitudes towards injury prevention training. In addition, we wanted to examine two potential risk factors for injury in youth football: play on artificial turf, and players’ level of skill.Paper I: Soligard T, Myklebust G, Steffen K, Holme I, Silvers H, Bizzini M, Junge A, Dvorak J, Bahr R, Andersen TE. Comprehensive warm-up programme to prevent injuries in young female footballers: cluster randomised controlled trial. BMJ 2008: 337: a2469.Paper II: Soligard T, Nilstad A, Steffen K, Myklebust, Holme I, Dvorak J, Bahr R, Andersen TE. Compliance with a comprehensive warm-up programme to prevent injuries in youth football. Br J Sports Med 2010: 44: 787-793.Paper III: Soligard T, Grindem H, Bahr R, Andersen TE. Are skilled players at greater risk of injury in female youth football? Br J Sports Med 2010: 44: 1118-1123.Paper IV: Soligard T, Bahr R, Andersen TE. Injury risk on artificial turf and grass in youth tournament football. Scand J Med Sci Sports. Epub ahead of print: 24 August 2010. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2010.01174.x.
Avhandling (doktorgrad) – Norges idrettshøgskole, 2011.