Rapid radiochemical filter paper assay for determination of hexokinase activity and affinity for glucose-6-phosphate
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionJournal of applied physiology. 2019, 127(3), 661-667 10.1152/japplphysiol.00207.2018
Glucose phosphorylation by hexokinase (HK) is a rate-limiting step in glucose metabolism. Regulation of HK includes feedback inhibition by its product glucose-6-phosphate (G6P) and mitochondria binding. HK affinity for G6P is difficult to measure because its natural product (G6P) inhibits enzyme activity. HK phosphorylates several hexoses, and we have taken advantage of the fact that 2-deoxyglucose (2-DG)-6-phosphate does not inhibit HK activity. By this, we have developed a new method for rapid radiochemical analysis of HK activity with 2-DG as a substrate, which allows control of the concentrations of G6P to investigate HK affinity for inhibition by G6P. We verified that 2-DG serves as a substrate for the HK reaction with linear time and concentration dependency as well as expected maximal velocity and KM. This is the first simple assay that evaluates feedback inhibition of HK by its product G6P and provides a unique technique for future research evaluating the regulation of glucose phosphorylation under various physiological conditions.
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