Muscle activation characteristics in cross-country skiers with a history of anterior compartment pain
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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- Artikler / Articles 
Original versionSports Biomechanics. 2012, 11, 452-463 10.1080/14763141.2012.704933
A large proportion of elite cross-country skiers suffer from chronic anterior compartment syndrome (CACS). This study used surface electromyograms (EMGs) to investigate whether differences existed in the activation characteristics of the tibialis anterior muscle between elite cross-country skiers with a history of anterior compartment pain (symptomatic group) and a pain-free control group. Based on self-reported pain symptoms, twelve young, national-level cross-country ski athletes were assigned to a symptomatic group (N = 5), a control group (N = 4), or analyzed individually if their diagnosis was not certain (N = 3). During skating, EMGs were recorded on five lower leg muscles. The relative increase in EMG power per step when increasing the effort level of skating was larger in the symptomatic group than in the control group for tibialis anterior (143 ± 12% vs. 125 ± 23%; Cohen's d = 1.17), peroneus longus (123 ± 24% vs. 107 ± 6%; d = 0.91), and gastrocnemius lateralis (167 ± 51% vs. 117 ± 12%; d = 1.64). The symptomatic group showed more power in the lower frequency bands of the tibialis anterior's EMG spectra (p < 0.001), whereas no group differences were found in other muscles (all p>0.2). Within the step cycle, these differences appeared in the swing phase and in the gliding phase during single leg support. The observed differences in the EMG spectra may serve as an early identification of athletes who are at risk of developing CACS.
I Brage finner du siste tekst-versjon av artikkelen, og den kan inneholde ubetydelige forskjeller fra forlagets pdf-versjon. Forlagets pdf-versjon finner du på www.tandfonline.com: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14763141.2012.704933 / In Brage you'll find the final text version of the article, and it may contain insignificant differences from the journal's pdf version. The original publication is available at www.tandfonline.com: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14763141.2012.704933