Health conditions detected in a comprehensive periodic health evaluation of 558
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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- Artikler / Articles 
Original versionBritish Journal of Sports Medicine. 2016, 50, 1142-1150 10.1136/bjsports-2015-095829
Background: Despite widespread use of periodic health evaluation (PHE) to detect and prevent injury and illness in athletes, its effectiveness in detecting health conditions and relevant risk factors is still debated. Aim: To assess health conditions detected by a comprehensive PHE in professional male football players and evaluate their consequences for participation clearance. Methods: A total of 558 professional football players in Qatar completed a PHE prior to the 2013 or 2014 seasons: history, general medical (including blood test), cardiovascular (12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) and echocardiography), and a musculoskeletal examination, including a specific test battery targeting lower extremity strength and flexibility. Based on the PHE, players were either cleared or not cleared for participation. Results: In 533 players (95.5%), at least one health condition was detected requiring treatment or follow-up. Vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency (≤ 30 ng/mL) was the most common medical condition (n=499, 89.4%), followed by hepatitis B non-immunity or infection (n=164, 29.4 %). Cardiac screening identified 48 players (8.6%) with one or more abnormal findings [ECG (n=19, 3.4%) and echocardiography (n=14, 2.5%)]. Musculoskeletal conditions were observed in 180 players (32.3%); injuries to or strength deficits of the hip/groin and thigh accounted for the largest proportion. Medical clearance was temporarily not given in 69 players (12.4%), whilst further examinations were being conducted. One player was disqualified from competitive football. Conclusion: PHE revealed a high prevalence of health conditions requiring treatment or follow-up in professional footballers; however, only 12.4 % of conditions impacted on final clearance for participation.
Dette er siste tekst-versjon av artikkelen, og den kan inneholde små forskjeller fra forlagets pdf-versjon. Forlagets pdf-versjon finner du på bjsm.bmj.com / This is the final text version of the article, and it may contain minor differences from the journal's pdf version. The original publication is available at bjsm.bmj.com