Higher lipid turnover and oxidation in cultured human myotubes from athletic versus sedentary young male subjects
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionScientific Reports. 2018, 8, 17549. 10.1038/s41598-018-35715-7
In this study we compared fatty acid (FA) metabolism in myotubes established from athletic and sedentary young subjects. Six healthy sedentary (maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max)≤ 46 ml/kg/min) and six healthy athletic (VO2max> 60 ml/kg/min) young men were included. Myoblasts were cultured and diferentiated to myotubes from satellite cells isolated from biopsy of musculus vastus lateralis. FA metabolism was studied in myotubes using [14C]oleic acid. Lipid distribution was assessed by thin layer chromatography, and FA accumulation, lipolysis and re-esterifcation were measured by scintillation proximity assay.Gene and protein expressions were studied. Myotubes from athletic subjects showed lower FA accumulation, lower incorporation of FA into total lipids, triacylglycerol (TAG), diacylglycerol and cholesteryl ester, higherTAG-related lipolysis and re-esterifcation, and higher complete oxidation and incomplete β-oxidation of FA compared to myotubes from sedentary subjects. mRNA expression of the mitochondrial electron transport chain complex III gene UQCRB was higher in cells from athletic compared to sedentary. Myotubes established from athletic subjects have higher lipid turnover and oxidation compared to myotubes from sedentary subjects.Our fndings suggestthat cultured myotubes retain some of the phenotypic traits of their donors.
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