MAMMA MIA!: Norwegian midwives’ practices and views about gestational weight gain, physical activity and nutrition
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionFrontiers in Psychology. 2020, 11, Artikkel 1463. 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01463
Objectives: Most studies regarding prevalence of prenatal lifestyle counselling are based on patient-report of provider advice. The aim of the present study was to describe midwives’ practice and views in promoting three distinct, but importantly related lifestyle factors: gestational weight gain (GWG), regular physical activity (PA) and nutrition. Design: A cross-sectional study. Setting: Healthcare clinics in Oslo and Akershus County, Norway. Participants: Clinics that expressed interest to participate provided an email list of the midwives. Out of 107 midwives invited to participate, 65 completed the 15-minute electronic survey (SurveyXact), giving a response rate of 60.7%. Outcome measures: We developed a new questionnaire based on questions and results from similar studies, as no validated questionnaires existed when we initiated this project in 2014. The final electronic questionnaire included a mix of close-ended questions, semi close-ended questions and 11-point Likert scales, and covered demographics, personal health behaviors, counselling practice, views and self-perceived role in lifestyle counselling. Results: Mean workload in prenatal care was 78% and mean years practicing was 8.9 (± 7.5). Across all three health-topics, most (74%-95%) reported to give advice on the first meeting, with a mean frequency of 2.2 (± 1.4), 2.7 (± 1.8) and 2.7 (± 2.0) for GWG, PA and nutrition counselling, respectively. About 40% did not report advice on GWG or gave advice discordant with the IOM recommendations (2009) for at least one pre-pregnancy BMI category. GWG was rated as more unpleasant to talk about than PA (3.0±2.8 versus 1.1±2.5, p<0.001) and nutrition (3.0±2.8 versus 1.2±2.5, p = 0.002). Also, regarding the importance of giving lifestyle advice, PA (9.6±0.9 versus 8.3±2.2, p<0.001) and nutrition (9.9±0.4 versus 8.3±2.2, p<0.001) were rated as more important than advice about GWG. Postpartum, nearly 40% gave advice about PA, whereas only two (3.1%) reported to discuss weight/weight retention (p<0.001). Conclusions: While most midwives gave advice on GWG, PA and nutrition at the first meeting, and rated lifestyle counselling as an important topic, the advice on GWG were often discordant with IOM recommendations, and the topic was viewed as more unpleasant to talk about than PA and nutrition.
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