Exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction in athletes: Contributory factors and treatment implications
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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OriginalversjonPhysiotherapy Theory and Practice. 2018, 34, 1-12. 10.1080/09593985.2018.1474306
Otherwise healthy adolescent athletes presenting with respiratory symptoms consistent with exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction (EILO) are frequently encountered in clinical practice. The symptoms are often incorrectly considered to result from exercise-induced asthma, and may be wrongly treated as such. Given the potential implications for health and performance if EILO is left untreated, a more comprehensive understanding of contributory mechanisms is essential in order to create appropriate treatment procedures. Informed by knowledge from physical therapy, as well as the fields of voice rehabilitation and vocal pedagogy, this theoretical article presents a novel way of understanding and managing EILO by exploring bodily mechanisms and structures that may disturb laryngeal function during strenuous exercise. Firstly, the status quo of the EILO diagnosis, its aetiology and treatment options are reviewed. Secondly, considerations associated with laryngeal structures and mechanisms, and their potential influence on laryngeal movement and sensitivity are examined. Thirdly, the manner in which postural de-alignment and breathing pattern may interfere with laryngeal functioning will be discussed. Finally, interventions for voice disorders and singing and the relevance of these for EILO are evaluated. It is argued that clients with EILO should undergo a thorough physical examination to identify constrictions in the body as a whole – such as postural de-alignments and a dysfunctional breathing pattern – as these are hypothesized as playing a critical role in laryngeal tightness during exercise. Physical therapists possess particular skills and competence with regard to examining breathing patterns and postural de-alignments, and should be included in the treatment process of EILO.
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